(This article explains what Seigniorage is, its benefits to US economy, and why growing demand for US Dollars)
The largest demand for US Dollars emanates from those countries where the local currency is not reliable. It is estimated from US Federal that more than half of its notes are now in overseas. The currency notes of US Dollars (US$) are accumulated in other countries through exports of goods and services from those countries or public buying them through money exchangers. If those notes issued by US authorities, on no occasion return back to the US, they signify that US economy is largely benefitted by way of seigniorage.
Seigniorage means the profit made by a government from the difference between the face value of the currency note and its printing cost. It is estimated that approximate cost of printing a note of US$ 100 is one dollar. (The printing cost of notes of lower face value like 1$ or 2$ may be around 4 to 5 cents). Therefore US Government is profited by US$ 99 each time it prints a currency note of US$ 100/-.
Many people are wondering about the reasons behind growing demand for US Dollars. We all know that across the world the Government of each country prints and circulate its currency as a medium of exchange for goods and services within the geographical borders of that country (e.g. Rupees in India). Since the currency notes used in exporters’ country is different, the importers have to make the payment to the supplier of the goods in a currency acceptable to the exporter. The US dollar is a standard currency which is freely convertible against currencies of diverse countries across the world and therefore same is mostly accepted by the exporters of all the countries. Also, in the international markets commodities like gold, petroleum, and many other commodities are quoted only in US dollars. Besides, there are many non-US based companies who also quote prices in US$ for their products and services. Hence there is always a good demand for US dollars across the world.
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