The account held by the resident Indian, will be re-designated as NRO account, once he/she becomes Non-Resident Indian (NRI). New NRO account can be opened in the bank from abroad if they need one. NRO account is maintained in Indian Currency. The NRO account holder can use these funds available in his NRO account for local payments/expenses without any upper limit. The repatriation of local receipts can also be done by a simple procedure.
An NRI (Non-Resident Indian)/PIO (person of Indian origin)/OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) is permitted to rent out their properties in India and he/she is eligible to repatriate local receipts like rent, dividend, the settlement from past employer towards, P.F; gratuity sale proceeds of assets, received in India. NRO accounts are opened in India, with a view to credit such legitimate local income to the beneficiary’s account. NRO accounts may be opened /maintained in the form of current, savings, recurring or fixed deposit accounts. The remittance from abroad, may also be deposited in NRO account.
Repatriation of funds from NRO account:
As per present RBI guidelines, a non resident Indian (NRI) or a person of Indian Origin (PIO) may remit an amount up to USD one million per financial year, out of balances held in his NRO rupee account for all bonafide purposes, subject to payment applicable taxes in India, if any. Further any repatriation from NRO account is subject to payment of applicable taxes in India. The remittance is allowed subject to the satisfaction of Authorised Dealer and there is no need of obtaining prior approval of Reserve Bank of India for such remittance. However, other than current income, NRI/PIO cannot remit over the limit of USD 1 Million per financial year without the prior approval of RBI.
[In the event of NRIs/PIO who do not maintain an NRO account in India, the current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest, etc. can remit the amount directly to the account of NRI/PIO in abroad. However crediting such amount to NRE account or remitting abroad is permitted only on the basis of an appropriate certification of a Charted Accountant, that the amount proposed to be remitted is eligible for remittance and that applicable taxes have been paid or provided for. There is no need of obtaining prior approval of Reserve Bank of India for such remittance.]
Transfer of amount from NRO to NRE A/C.
With effect from 07.05.2012, RBI has permitted for direct credit/ transfer of balance, in NRO account to NRE account up to the US $ one million per year to NRIs/PIOs similar to the facility of remittance abroad. This is subject to production of documentary proof like the Copy of Passport, TDS certificate for tax deducted on NRO account which the bank has to provide, Copy of the PAN card if available and a certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by Reserve Bank of India.
NRO accounts can be opened in the joint names.
NRO accounts may be held by non-residents jointly with residents.
NRO accounts of foreign tourists:
Foreign tourists visiting India can also open NRO account; provided the account is maintained for a maximum period of six months and no other credit except money in foreign exchange brought by them only can be credited to their account. The money held in NRO account of foreigners can be repatriated.
Tax liability on interest earned on NRO A/cs.
When an Indian national or person of Indian Origin, resident in India, leaves India for a country (other than Nepal and Bhutan) for taking up employment, business or vocation outside India or for any other purpose indicating his intention to stay outside India permanently or for an uncertain period is called NRI. The profit made by an NRI from any source within India is liable for tax payment. The Interest earned on NRO account, irrespective of amount, is also liable for tax at the rate of 30% (tax deductible at source). Under India’s double tax treaties with several countries, the NRIs/ PIOs can take benefit from the lower rate of TDS @12.5%;10% or 15%.But they are required to provide Tax Residency certificate by the Government of the NRI’s / PIO’s country of residence i.e. UAE; Middle East; USA, UK, Kenya or Belgium Government as applicable. The TDS is reduced to 12.5% for tax residents of UAE under IIndia-UAE Double Tax Treaty on the basis of self-declaration; for residents of Oman, Kuwait and Qatar @10% and for tax residents of USA, UK, Kenya and Belgium @ 15% as the case may be.