(This article clarifies on who is eligible ( the age, limit, qualification) including quantum of subsidy, bank loan and money to be bought up by the entrepreneur to start up a business for bank finance under PMEGP scheme.)
PMEGP stands acronym for Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme which is a subsidy loan scheme launched on 15th August 2008 by the government of India. The earlier two schemes, namely, Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojana (PMRY) and Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) were merged with the new scheme. Under Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme, money to be brought by the new entrepreneur to start up a business is just 5-10% of project cost and rest will be taken care by the margin and the bank loan. It is anticipated that the programme would successfully create more employment opportunities both in cities and rural areas in the years to come. Since inception, PMEGP scheme attracted a lot of people to start up a new business and there are doubts from all the corners to know more about the scheme. The frequently asked questions on the schemes are answered hereunder.
Who is eligible under PMEGP loan scheme?
The PMEGP subsidy loan scheme is available for the new entrepreneur. All adults of any age (above 18 years) are eligible for PMEGP loan as there is no upper limit of age to become eligible for PMEGP loan. The maximum cost of the project or a unit should not be over Rs.25 Lakh under manufacturing sector and Rs.10 Lakh under business and service sector.
Self Help Groups including those belonging to BPL provided that they have not availed benefits under any other Scheme are eligible for assistance under PMEGP. Institutions registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860, Production Cooperative Societies, and Charitable Trusts are also eligible under PMEGP loan scheme.
What is the minimum educational qualification required for the loan scheme?
For setting up of project costing above Rs.10 lakh in the manufacturing sector and above Rs. 5 lakh in the business or service sector, the beneficiaries should possess at least VIII standard pass educational qualification.
Is there any income ceiling to become eligible for subsidy under PMEGP loans?
There will be no income ceiling for assistance for setting up projects under PMEGP
How much finance a borrower is getting from the bank?
The amount of Bank Credit will be the total cost of the project less owner’s contribution. For borrowers belonging to general category owner’s contribution will be 10%and for special category borrowers 5%. Banks sanction 90% of the project cost in case of general Category of beneficiaries/institutions and 95% in case of the special category of beneficiary/institutions (SC/ST/OBC/Minority/ex-servicemen/Physically handicapped/North East Region/Hill & Border area) for setting up of the project. In actual terms, the amount of bank credit will be ranging between 60-75% of the project cost as they receive 15-35% of margin money and 5% to 10% from owner’s contribution to the project. In the matter of accepting credit proposal and sanctioning the limit, banks take their own credit decision on applications received from PMEGP borrowers, which will be on the basis of the viability of each project.
When will the bank release the loan?
The lending bank need not wait for receipt of the subsidy for the disbursement of the loan. Once the limit is sanctioned, the bank would inform the State/Regional Office of the KVIC/KVIBs/State DICs, as the case may be, for arranging EDP training to the borrower. The first installment of the loan will be released to the borrower only after he/she completes EDP training of at least 2 weeks arranged by KVIC/KVIBs/State DICs. However, the applicants who have already undergone EDP training for at least 2 weeks and having the certificate for the same from a recognized institution are exempted from further EDP training. After successful completion of the training, the prospective borrower has to deposit his/her share of contribution to the project (Owner’s contribution) with the bank. The part or full amount of loan as the case may be released by the bank after the borrower deposits the money with the bank towards owner’s contribution.
Whether subsidy is available for working capital finance?
Yes. However, the borrower is eligible for full subsidy provided utilization of funds in such a way that should utilize 75% of sanctioned limit and that the borrower at least one point of the stage the outstanding in Cash Credit account should touch 100% of limit within three years of lock-in period of Margin Money. If the utility of funds from CC account does not touch the sanctioned limit, the proportionate amount of the Margin Money (subsidy) is to be recovered by the Bank/Financial Institution and refunded to the KVIC at the end of the year.
What is the quantum subsidy available to PMEGP beneficiaries?
The beneficiaries from general category are eligible for 15% subsidy in the urban areas and 25% in rural areas. Whereas the beneficiaries from Special (including SC/ST/OBC /Minorities/ Women, Ex-Servicemen, Physically handicapped, NER, Hill and Border areas etc) are eligible for 25% subsidy in the urban area and 35% in rural area.
How the subsidy amount is claimed?
After the release of loan partly or fully, the bank branch would claim SUBSIDY amount in the prescribed format from designated Nodal branch. The nodal branch where KVIC places lump sum deposit of subsidy amount (Margin Money) in the Savings Bank account maintained for the purpose, releases the subsidy amount to the claimant branch. Though the margin money (subsidy) will be released by the designated Nodal Branch of the Bank, KVIC/State DIC is the final authority to either accept the project/claim or reject, based on the parameters of the Scheme.
When the subsidy amount will be credited to borrower’s loan account?
The Margin Money (subsidy/grant) received by the lending bank branch will be kept in the Term Deposit Receipt (or any other similar type of account maintained by the bank for the purpose) of three years at branch level in the name of the beneficiary/Institution. No interest will be paid on the TDR and no interest will be charged on the loan to the corresponding amount of TDR. The subsidy (Grant) amount will be credited to the Borrowers loan account after three years from the date of release of loan first time to the borrower/institution by the bank. In case the Bank’s advance goes “bad” before the completion of three year period, the Margin Money (subsidy), bank may adjust the subsidy amount to the loan liability of the borrower either in part or full and intiate recovery process of entire dues against the borrower.
Whether the borrower is eligible for enhancement of subsidy amount if the credit limit is later on enhanced by the bank?
No. The subsidy will be a onetime assistance from Government. As such, no further subsidy will be available for enhancement of credit limit, or expansion/modernization of the project
Whether the existing units are eligible for PMEGP scheme?
No.Margin money or subsidy is available only to a new project sanctioned specially under PMEGP. Existing units are not eligible under the scheme. Project financed jointly by bank and other financial institutions are not eligible for subsidy assistance. Existing Units under PMRY, REGP or any other scheme of Government of India or State Government and the units that have already availed ‘Government Subsidy’ are not eligible under the scheme. Banks take an undertaking from the borrower who is availing loan under PMEGP that in the event of objection in writing by KVIC/KVIB/DIC the beneficiary would return the margin money.
What is the process of loan once the applicant submits his/her application for loan?
The task force consisting of representatives from KVIC, KVIB, DIC and Banks take the responsibility of identifying the borrowers. The projected would be appraised by banks both on technical and economic viability aspects of the unit. The task force clears the application after the application fulfills the criteria of Industry, per capita investment, rural area, negative list so as to avoid approval of loans in banks. Before releasing the loan bank will inform the KVIC, DIC, KVIB etc., as the case may be for arranging EDP training to the beneficiary, if he/she has not undergone such training. The loan applicants who have already undergone training at least for 2 weeks under entrepreneurship Development Programme (EDP)/skill development programme (SDP)/ Entrepreneurship cum skill development programme (ESDP) or vocational training (VT) are allowed to submit application directly to banks. However banks would refer the applications received by them to task force for its consideration.
What type of security to be offered to the bank?
Banks do not insist for collateral security for projects involving loan up to Rs.5 lakh, which is cleared by task force, in line with the guidelines of RBI. Beyond Rs.5 lakh, security norms of individual banks applicable.
Who are the implementing Agencies of PMEGP?
Khadi and Village Industries Commission, Mumbai (KVIC) is the single nodal agency for implementing the scheme. At state level scheme is implemented through State Directorates of KVIC, State Khadi and Village Industries Boards (KVIBs) and District Industries Centers (DICs). The other implementing agencies are banks and financial Institutions, KVI federation, professional institutions, technical colleges, training centers of KVIC/KVIBs, NSIC offices, NIESBUD, NIMSME, Udyami Mitras etc.
Financial Institutions includes 27 Public Sector Banks, All regional rural banks, co-operative banks, private sector scheduled commercial banks approved by state level task force committee headed by Principal Secretary of Industries.